This is a Qing dynasty pakua design vase, circa. 19th century. The design of the vase is unusual in that it has a “pakua” motif which is not a very common theme on Chinese porcelain. Normally the pakua is an octagon shape amulet in wooden or mirror form. In this case, it is used on a vase. The vase cover has a pair of crane flying amongst the cloud. On the body, the “pakua” or “the eight trigram” is painted all round the body of the jar within eight flaming pearl, floating between the sky above the sea below with two band of rocks in breaking waves. On the shoulder of the jar it is surrounded by a band of ruyi head. The base has a mark. In the centre of the mark, it has a character “zheng” in the design. Probably manufactured from a private kiln.
The Pakua is commonly known as `Bagua' or `The Eight Trigram'. It is an octagon shaped amulet divided into eight sections. The Pakua `represents' the entire family e.g. Father, Mother, Elder son, Elder daughter etc.. Perhaps this is why with the `family component' the Pakua is `so powerful! The reflective pakua is placed on gates and above the main door, is said to drive away evil spirits and avert misfortunes.
The Eight Trigrams are a series of combinations of three lines. Some of the lines are Yin (broken) lines and Yang (solid) lines. The above eight combinations are all of the possible combinations (in threes) of two different lines. There are many arrangements of the Trigrams. The one featured here is probably one that puts emphasis on the family structure, an all important concept in Pakua teachings. The influences of the family play a major role in the shaping of an individuals behavior. Sometimes, a study of the family illuminates many details of a person's characteristics and behavior, thus shedding lights on his future. In the Pakua School an active involvement of the whole family in the studies is strongly encouraged. The reason three lines are used for the formation of the Trigrams, as opposed to two lines or perhaps even four, relates to another all important concept in Chinese philosophy. This is the concept of SKY MAN EARTH.
There is no hairline crack, any repair or restoration. Two firing fault lines at the foot base (picture 6) and minor pin holes. Overall, the vase is in good condition.
The measurement of the Qing dynasty pakua vase: Height 21.5cm and the width is 13.3cm.
Asian Porcelain & Pottery