Historical Context: This Lekythos (tall vase) is typical of pottery produced in Attica (reghion of Greece near Athens) and the Mediterranean area about the 5th Century BC. This is the era just before Philip II (Father of Alexander the Great) and Alexander the Great.
Attica is a historical region of Greece, containing Athens, Marathon, and Sparta. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea. The history of Attica is tightly linked with that of Athens, which from the Classical period onwards, was one of the most important cities in the ancient world.
Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC on the rest of the then known European continent.