Rare Antique 18th century (1725-1763) Saxon – Polish State Ceremonial Partisan of an Officer of the Saxon "Hundred Swiss Guards of Augustus II and the III, kings of Poland and, electors of Saxony.
DETAILS: Entirely made of cast steel, (tapped by the fingernails make a very nice sound characteristic of high quality carbonated steel), shaped as a crowned double-headed eagle with waved tapering double-edged blade with its integral tapering octagonal socket.
These types of the Saxon Swiss Guards Partisan were manufactured with slightly differences, like:
1. With the waved blade and straight tapering blade.
2. Diverse shape of the wings and the feathers on the eagle.
3. Different shape of eagle's beak, some with tongue, some with out tongue.
4. With round and octagonal sockets as on partisan in Deutsches Historisches Museum.
5. Diversity in Crowns on the eagle heads, some are pierced with open work others are not.
6. With gild eagle and unguided version
7. On some partisans the eagle has legs and on others, with out legs as on the example from Polish state collection of Wawel Royal Castle, Cracow, published in the book Land of the Winged Horsemen: Art m Poland 1572-1764. Page: 141. No 21.
And also on the example in the catalog of Galerie Fisher in Switzerland 30, Jun 1990. Plate 5. No. 8493.
To see these differences please view the pictures from references and the links attached to the listing.
This diversity leads to the conclusion that they were made, not only by the different makers, but possibly in different years during the period 1730 -1757. Saxon Swiss Guard was in existence from 1730 until 1757 and again from 1763 to 1814
Due to the rarity of the object and limited reference sources on this subject we could find only this, but it is possible that there were others made of this model partisan with other minor diversities.
MEASUREMENTS: Overall length: 43.2 cm (17 in).
WEIGHT: 1.065 kg = 2.3479231 lb.
CONDITION: Showing the age and usage, one side slightly pitted the other side with old signs of mechanical cleaning of the rust.
1) Catalog of Galerie Fisher in Switzerland 30, Jun 1990. Plate 5. No.8493.
2) Die Armee August des Starken by Reinhold Müller. Page.52
3) Winged Horsemen: Art m Poland 1572-1764. Page: 141. No 21.
4) Trag’ diese Wehr zu Sachsens Ehr! : Militärische Hieb- und Stichwaffen Sachsens von 1700 bis 1918 aus dem Bestand des Militärhistorischen Museums Dresden.Page.90
5) Bron w Dawnej Polsce by Zdzislaw Zygulski
6) Blankwaffen; Armes blanchesby by Karl Stuber, Hans Wetter Page.184
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