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A term derived from the French rocaille meaning rockwork, this extravagant architectural and decorative style developed in France in the early C18th, spreading to and being developed all over Europe. It was principally a reaction against, and was born out of, the heaviness and seriousness of Baroque . Principally used in interior decoration, its influence spilled over into furniture design. In essence it was frivolous, light and asymmetrical, its principal motifs being Chinese and Indian motifs, and delicate curvaceous shapes.